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22 Renville Agreement

Committee of Good Offices USS RENVILLE, 17 January 1948
Document S/AC.10/CONF.2/2


The Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the
Government of the Republic of Indonesia, referred to in this
agreement as the parties, hereby agree as follows:
1. That a stand fast and cease fire order be issued separately and
simultaneously by both parties immediately upon the signing of
this agreement and to be fully effective within forty-eight hours.
This order will apply to the troops of both parties along the
boundary lines of the areas described in the proclamation of the
Netherlands Indies Government on 29 August 1947, which shall be
called the status quo line, and in the areas specified in the
following paragraph;
2. That in the first instance and for the time being,
demilitarized zones be established in general conformity with the
above-mentioned status quo line; these zones as a rule will
comprise the territories between this status quo line and, on one
side, the line of the Netherlands forward positions and, on the
other side, the line of the Republican forward positions, the
average width of each of the zones being approximately the same.
3. That the establishment of the demilitarized zones in no way
prejudices the rights, claims or position of the parties under the
resolutions of the Security Council of 1, 25, and 26 August and 1
November 1947.
4. That upon acceptance of the foregoing by both parties, the
Committee will place at the disposal of both parties its military
assistants who will be instructed to assume, in the first
instance, responsibility for determining whether any incident
requires enquiry by the higher authorities of either or both
5. That, pending a political settlement, the responsibility for
the maintenance of law and order and of security of life and
property in the demilitarized zones will remain vested in the
civil police forces of the respective parties. (The term civil
police does not exclude the temporary use of military personnel in
the capacity of civil police, it being understood that the police
forces will be under civil control.) The Committee's military
assistants will be available to advise the appropriate authorities
of the parties and to serve in such other proper capacities as may
be requested. Among other[s], they should;
(a) call upon pools of police officers established by each party
in its demilitarized zone to accompany the military assistants in
their endeavours and moves throughout that demilitarized zone.
Police officers of one party will not move into and throughout the
demilitarized zone of the other party unless accompanied by a
military assistant of the Committee of Good Offices and a police
officer of that other party.
(b) promote cooperation between the two police forces.
6. That trade and intercourse between all areas should be
permitted as far as possible; such restrictions as may be
necessary will be agreed upon by the parties with the assistance
of the Committee and its representatives if required.
7. That this agreement shall include all the following points
already agreed to in principle by the parties:
(a) To prohibit sabotage, intimidation and reprisals and other
activities of a similar nature against individuals, groups of
individuals, and property, including destruction of property of
any kind and by whomsoever owned, and to utilize every means at
their command to this end.
(b) To refrain from broadcasts or any other form of propaganda
aimed at provoking or disturbing troops and civilians.
(c) To initiate broadcasts and institute other measures to inform
all troops and civilians of the delicate situation and the
necessity for strict compliance with the provisions sub (a) and
(d) Full opportunity for observation by military and civil
assistants made available to the Committee of Good Offices.
(e) To cease immediately the publication of a daily operational
communique or any other information about military operations
unless by prior mutual agreement in writing, except weekly
publication of lists of individuals (giving names, numbers and
home addresses) who have been killed or have died as a result of
injuries received in action.
(f) To accept the principle of the release of prisoners by each
party and to commence discussions with a view to the most rapid
and convenient implementation thereof, the release in principle to
be without regard to the number of prisoners held by either party.
8. That, on the acceptance of the foregoing, the Committee's
military assistants will immediately conduct enquiries to
establish whether and where, especially in West Java, elements of
the Republican military forces continue to offer resistance behind
the present forward positions of the Netherlands forces. If the
enquiry establishes the existence of such forces, these would
withdraw as quickly as practicable, and in any case within 21
days, as set out in the following paragraph.
9. That all forces of each party in any area accepted as a
demilitarized zone or in any area on the other party's side of a
demilitarized zone, Will, under the observation of military
assistants of the Committee and with arms and warlike equipment,
move peacefully to the territory on the party's own side of the
demilitarized zones. Both parties undertake to facilitate a speedy
and peaceful evacuation of the forces concerned.
10. This agreement shall be considered binding unless one party
notifies the Committee of Good Offices and the other party that it
considers the truce regulations are not being observed by the
other party and that this agreement should therefore be

For the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Chairman of the delegation.

For the Government of the Republic of Indonesia
Chairman of the delegation

The signatures appearing above were hereunto subscribed this 17th
day of January 1948, on board the U.S.S. Renville, in the presence
of the representatives on the United Nations Security Council
Committee of Good Offices on the Indonesian question, and the
Committee Secretary, whose signatures are hereunto subscribed as

Chairman: MR. JUSTICE RICHARD C. KIRBY (Australia)
Representatives: MR. PAUL VAN ZEELAND (Belgium)
DR. FRANK P. GRAHAM (United States)
Secretary MR. T. G. NARAYANAN



1. As regards paragraph 1 of the foregoing agreement, it is
understood that the two parties will endeavour to implement the
various points of the truce agreement without any delay and with
all means at their disposal; it is equally understood that, should
one of the parties meet with special difficulties in carrying out
fully within a few days any obligation imposed upon it by the
truce agreement, upon notification to the other party the time
limit of forty-eight (48) hours provided in the first article of
the proposals will be extended up to a maximum of twelve (12)
2. As regards paragraph 2 of the foregoing agreement, it is
understood that if, as expected, the truce agreement is
increasingly implemented and the general situation continues to
develop favourably, the demilitarized zones will, as a matter of
course, be further extended. The question of an extension of
demilitarized zones will upon the request of either party, be
considered forthwith by the Committee's military assistants who,
acting within the intent of paragraph 5, will advise the
appropriate authorities.
3. As regards paragraph 4 of the foregoing agreement, it is
understood that the military assistants of the Committee of Good
Offices will have every opportunity in the execution of paragraph
4 of the truce agreement, for determining whether any incident
requires inquiry by the higher authorities of either or both
parties, in which case they will of course at the same time refer
the matter to their principal, namely, the Committee of Good
Offices, whose services will be available to assist in adjusting
differences between the parties in regard to the truce.

[AA:A4357/1, 48/255, iii]

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